Normal blood sugar level in adults
Blood sugar as a source of energy is needed to run the body and its organs. Maintaining a normal blood sugar level is therefore essential for survival!
Energy from sugar makes the body functions on energy from glucose and it is therefore important to maintain certain levels. Normal blood sugar level is somewhere between 3.9 to 6.4 mmol/l. Lifestyle plays a big role in a person’s care of blood sugar. A person with blood sugar complications can sometimes experience severe health issues. This condition may be maintained with diet and weight control and should not always depend on medications for glycaemic control. Keeping a normal blood sugar level is of utmost importance!
Blood sugar definition
Glucose or blood sugar, refers to the amount of sugar in a person’s blood. Blood sugar levels will go up and down, this is due to a variety of factors including the food consumed or exercise and metabolism. Blood sugar is independently controlled for someone without diabetic issues.
How to measure blood sugar level?
Blood sugar should stay all day relatively constant, but it may vary before and after meals. Normal blood sugar level should stay, even after meals, around 3.9 to 6.4 mmol/l.
There are a number of tests that can be done in order to monitor blood sugar level. The most common test is to check with a blood glucose monitor in which a small amount of blood is taken from the fingertip and placed in a meter. The meter gives a reading and this number is used to determine the amount of sugar in the blood. This often happens several times during the day, usually from one to two hours after eating and before bedtime. Normal blood sugar level recommendations stay the same during the day.
More accurate measurements of blood sugar level can be performed in a laboratory. Doctors can also check the HbA1c (Hemoglobin A1C) levels, a three-month average of blood sugar levels which give the doctor a more accurate reading of your blood sugar. As with normal blood sugar level you can never be too sure. You must measure your blood sugar level daily so you can compare your results to a chart of normal blood sugar level.
What is hyperglycemia?
Hyperglycemia or high blood sugar is usually defined as a blood glucose higher than recommended by your doctor and those of normal blood sugar level. This number is different for different people and should be discussed with your doctor personally. High blood sugar is often a sign of diabetes, a disease in which the body does not produce enough insulin to negate or regulate blood sugar itself. Uncontrolled high blood sugar level can over time lead to problems such as blindness, heart disease and kidney disease. As stated above, maintaining normal blood sugar level is therefore very important!
Always maintain normal blood sugar level. This is the only way to have your disease under control.
What is hypoglycaemia?
Hypoglycaemia, or low blood sugar is a common disease in those who do not eat properly, or who do not consume enough sugar and carbohydrates. Hypoglycaemia can make a person feel dizzy, confused, hungry or shaky and the feeling may be accompanied by fainting when sugar drops too low levels. This problem is treatable and maintained with protein consumed quickly after symptoms manifest. This is usually negated with a dose of sugar or insulin.
Normal blood sugar level ranges
Normal blood sugar level is depended on things like gender, weight and activity level. Recommended levels for blood sugar for optimum health remain the same. In general blood sugar level tends to be lowest before fasting or before meals and after meals. Levels consistently higher or lower than the normal blood sugar level ranges should be recorded and checked for a pattern to see if there is a possibility of a person to have diabetes.
Diet can have a major role in maintaining normal blood sugar level. It is often the case that six small meals instead of three large meals help regulate blood sugar more efficiently as these will keep your metabolism running and will not cause sugar spiking or drag and droping.
Control of normal blood sugar level
Stable and healthy blood sugar is very important for health reasons and a variety of things can be done to keep blood sugar levels reasonable. Regular exercise and a diet rich in vegetables and protein and low in carbohydrates and excess sugar can often help severely to keep normal blood sugar level at optimum. Always maintain normal blood sugar level.
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